cvi-20210930
0001425292FALSE12/312021Q30.1P1Yhttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherLiabilitiesCurrent311.900014252922021-01-012021-09-30xbrli:shares00014252922021-10-29iso4217:USD00014252922021-09-3000014252922020-12-3100014252922021-07-012021-09-3000014252922020-07-012020-09-3000014252922020-01-012020-09-30iso4217:USDxbrli:shares0001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2020-12-310001425292us-gaap:GeneralPartnerMember2020-12-310001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2021-01-012021-03-3100014252922021-01-012021-03-310001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2021-03-310001425292us-gaap:GeneralPartnerMember2021-03-3100014252922021-03-310001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2021-04-012021-06-3000014252922021-04-012021-06-300001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2021-06-300001425292us-gaap:GeneralPartnerMember2021-06-3000014252922021-06-300001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2021-09-300001425292us-gaap:GeneralPartnerMember2021-09-300001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2019-12-310001425292us-gaap:GeneralPartnerMember2019-12-3100014252922019-12-310001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2020-01-012020-03-3100014252922020-01-012020-03-310001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2020-03-310001425292us-gaap:GeneralPartnerMember2020-03-3100014252922020-03-310001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2020-04-012020-06-3000014252922020-04-012020-06-300001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2020-06-300001425292us-gaap:GeneralPartnerMember2020-06-3000014252922020-06-300001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2020-09-300001425292us-gaap:GeneralPartnerMember2020-09-3000014252922020-09-30cvi:manufacturing_facilityxbrli:pure0001425292cvi:CVRPartnersLPMembercvi:CVRServiceLLCMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:CVRGPLLCMembercvi:CVRPartnersLPMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292srt:ParentCompanyMembercvi:IEPEnergyLLCMember2021-09-3000014252922020-05-0600014252922021-02-2200014252922020-11-232020-11-230001425292us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2021-09-300001425292us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2020-12-310001425292us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2021-09-300001425292us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2020-12-310001425292us-gaap:TransportationEquipmentMember2021-09-300001425292us-gaap:TransportationEquipmentMember2020-12-310001425292us-gaap:LandAndLandImprovementsMember2021-09-300001425292us-gaap:LandAndLandImprovementsMember2020-12-310001425292us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2021-09-300001425292us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2020-12-310001425292us-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentOtherTypesMember2021-09-300001425292us-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentOtherTypesMember2020-12-310001425292srt:MinimumMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292srt:MaximumMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:RailcarsMember2021-09-300001425292cvi:RailcarsMember2020-12-310001425292us-gaap:RealEstateMember2021-09-300001425292us-gaap:RealEstateMember2020-12-310001425292cvi:NinePointTwoFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2023Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-09-300001425292cvi:NinePointTwoFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2023Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-12-310001425292us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembercvi:SixPointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueJune2028Member2021-09-300001425292cvi:NinePointTwoFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2023Memberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2021-09-300001425292cvi:NinePointTwoFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2023Memberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001425292us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Membercvi:SixPointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueJune2028Member2021-09-300001425292us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-01-012020-09-300001425292cvi:SixPointFiveZeroPercentNotesDue2021Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-04-150001425292us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembercvi:SixPointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueJune2028Member2021-06-230001425292cvi:NinePointTwoFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2023Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-09-232021-09-230001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-09-300001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMembercvi:WellsFargoBankNationalAssociationMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-09-300001425292cvi:DebtInstrumentCovenantQuarterlyExcessAvailabilityGreaterThanSeventyFivePercentMembercvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:DebtInstrumentCovenantQuarterlyExcessAvailabilityGreaterThanSeventyFivePercentMembercvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:DebtInstrumentCovenantQuarterlyExcessAvailabilityGreaterThanFiftyPercentButLessThanSeventyFivePercentMembercvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:DebtInstrumentCovenantQuarterlyExcessAvailabilityGreaterThanFiftyPercentButLessThanSeventyFivePercentMembercvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMembercvi:DebtInstrumentCovenantQuarterlyExcessAvailabilityNotGreaterThanFiftyPercentMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMembercvi:DebtInstrumentCovenantQuarterlyExcessAvailabilityNotGreaterThanFiftyPercentMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2020-01-012020-09-300001425292us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembercvi:SixPointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueJune2028Member2021-06-232021-06-230001425292us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMembercvi:SixPointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueJune2028Member2021-01-012021-09-300001425292us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMembercvi:SixPointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueJune2028Member2021-01-012021-09-300001425292us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodThreeMembercvi:SixPointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueJune2028Member2021-01-012021-09-300001425292us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodFourMembercvi:SixPointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueJune2028Member2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:NinePointTwoFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2023Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-06-232021-06-230001425292cvi:NinePointTwoFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2023Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-06-230001425292cvi:NinePointTwoFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2023Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-06-300001425292cvi:NinePointTwoFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2023Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-09-230001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMembercvi:WellsFargoBankNationalAssociationMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:BridgeLoanMember2021-09-300001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMembercvi:WellsFargoBankNationalAssociationMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:LetterOfCreditMember2021-09-300001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-09-300001425292cvi:AssetBasedCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductAmmoniaMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductAmmoniaMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductAmmoniaMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductAmmoniaMember2020-01-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductUANMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductUANMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductUANMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductUANMember2020-01-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductUreaProductsMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductUreaProductsMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductUreaProductsMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductUreaProductsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductFertilizerSalesExclusiveofFreightMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductFertilizerSalesExclusiveofFreightMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductFertilizerSalesExclusiveofFreightMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductFertilizerSalesExclusiveofFreightMember2020-01-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductFreightRevenueMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductFreightRevenueMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductFreightRevenueMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductFreightRevenueMember2020-01-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductsOtherMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductsOtherMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292cvi:ProductsOtherMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:ProductsOtherMember2020-01-012020-09-3000014252922021-10-012021-09-3000014252922022-01-012021-09-3000014252922023-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:PhantomStockUnitsMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292cvi:PhantomStockUnitsMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292cvi:PhantomStockUnitsMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:PhantomStockUnitsMember2020-01-012020-09-300001425292cvi:OtherAwardsMember2021-07-012021-09-300001425292cvi:OtherAwardsMember2020-07-012020-09-300001425292cvi:OtherAwardsMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:OtherAwardsMember2020-01-012020-09-3000014252922021-08-232021-08-230001425292cvi:CommonUnitholdersMember2021-08-232021-08-230001425292srt:ParentCompanyMember2021-08-232021-08-230001425292cvi:CVRPartnersLPMember2021-01-012021-09-300001425292cvi:CVRPartnersLPMember2020-01-012020-12-310001425292us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-11-012021-11-010001425292srt:ScenarioForecastMembercvi:CVREnergyMember2021-11-222021-11-22
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period endedSeptember 30, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from               to               .
Commission file number: 001-35120

CVR PARTNERS, LP
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g1.gif
56-2677689
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
2277 Plaza Drive, Suite 500, Sugar Land, Texas 77479
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(281207-3200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
_____________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common units representing limited partner interestsUANThe New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes      No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-Accelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No 

There were 10,681,332 common units representing limited partner interests of CVR Partners, LP (“common units”) outstanding at October 29, 2021.


Table of Contents
 TABLE OF CONTENTS
CVR PARTNERS, LP - Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
September 30, 2021

PART I. Financial Information
PART II. Other Information
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations - Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Partners’ Capital - Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited)
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g1.gif

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (including documents incorporated by reference herein) contains statements with respect to our expectations or beliefs as to future events. These types of statements are “forward-looking” and subject to uncertainties. See “Important Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” section of this filing.

September 30, 2021 | 2

Table of Contents
Important Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Report”) contains forward-looking statements including, but not limited to, those under Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. All statements other than statements of historical fact, including without limitation, statements regarding future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, growth, capital projects, unit repurchases, impacts of legal proceedings, projected costs, prospects, plans, and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. The words “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “continue,” “predict,” “potential,” “project,” and similar terms and phrases are intended to identify forward-looking statements.
Although we believe our assumptions concerning future events are reasonable, a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors could cause actual results and trends to differ materially from those projected or forward-looking. Forward-looking statements, as well as certain risks, contingencies, or uncertainties that may impact our forward-looking statements, include, but are not limited to, the following:
our ability to generate distributable cash or make cash distributions on our common units, including reserves and future uses of cash;
the ability of our general partner to modify or revoke our distribution policy at any time;
the volatile nature of our business and the variable nature of our distributions;
the severity, magnitude, duration, and impact of the novel coronavirus 2019 and any variants thereof (collectively, “COVID-19”) pandemic and of businesses’ and governments’ responses to such pandemic on our operations, personnel, commercial activity, and supply and demand across our and our customers’ and suppliers’ businesses;
changes in market conditions and market volatility arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, including fertilizer, natural gas, and other commodity prices and the impact of such changes on our operating results and financial position;
the cyclical and seasonal nature of our business;
the impact of weather on our business, including our ability to produce, market, sell, transport or deliver fertilizer products profitably or at all, and on commodity supply and/or pricing;
the dependence of our operations on a few third-party suppliers, including providers of transportation services, and equipment;
our reliance on, or our ability to procure economically or at all, petroleum coke (“pet coke”) we purchase from CVR Energy, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, but excluding the Partnership and its subsidiaries, “CVR Energy”) and other third-party suppliers;
our reliance on the natural gas, electricity, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur processing, compressed dry air and other products that we purchase from third parties;
the supply, availability, and prices of essential raw materials;
our production levels, including the risk of a material decline in those levels, including our ability to upgrade ammonia to UAN;
product pricing, including contracted sales and our ability to realize market prices, in full or at all;
accidents or other unscheduled shutdowns or interruptions affecting our facilities, machinery, or equipment, or those of our suppliers or customers;
potential operating hazards from accidents, fire, severe weather, tornadoes, floods or other natural disasters;
our ability to obtain, retain, or renew permits, licenses and authorizations to operate our business;
competition in the nitrogen fertilizer businesses including potential impacts of domestic and global supply and demand; and/or domestic or international duties, tariffs, or similar costs;
foreign wheat and coarse grain production, including increases thereto and farm planting acreage;
capital expenditures;
existing and future laws, rulings and regulations, including but not limited to those relating to the environment, climate change, and/or the transportation or production of hazardous chemicals like ammonia, including potential liabilities or capital requirements arising from such laws, rulings, or regulations;
alternative energy or fuel sources and impacts on corn prices (ethanol), and the end-use and application of fertilizers;
risks of terrorism, cybersecurity attacks, the security of chemical manufacturing facilities and other matters beyond our control;
our lack of asset diversification;
our dependence on significant customers and the creditworthiness and performance by counterparties;
our potential loss of transportation cost advantage over our competitors;
risks associated with third party operation of or control over important facilities necessary for operation of our nitrogen fertilizer facilities;
the volatile nature of ammonia, potential liability for accidents involving ammonia including damage or injury to persons, property, the environment or human health and increased costs related to the transport or production of ammonia;
our potential inability to successfully implement our business strategies, including the completion of significant capital programs or projects;
our reliance on CVR Energy’s senior management team and conflicts of interest they may face operating each of CVR Partners and CVR Energy;
control of our general partner by CVR Energy;
September 30, 2021 | 3

Table of Contents
our ability to continue to license the technology used in our operations;
restrictions in our debt agreements;
asset impairments and impacts thereof;
asset useful life;
realizable inventory value;
the number of investors willing to hold or acquire our common units;
our ability to issue securities or obtain financing;
changes in tax and other law, regulations and policies;
ability to qualify for and receive the benefit of 45Q tax credits;
changes in our treatment as a partnership for U.S. federal income or state tax purposes;
rulings, judgments or settlements in litigation, tax or other legal or regulatory matters;
instability and volatility in the capital and credit markets;
competition with CVR Energy and its affiliates;
transactions and/or conflicts with CVR Energy’s controlling shareholder;
the value of payouts under our equity and non-equity incentive plans;
our ability to recover under our insurance policies for damages or losses in full or at all; and
the factors described in greater detail under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
All forward-looking statements included in this Report are based on information available to us on the date of this Report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Information About Us

Investors should note that we make available, free of charge on our website at cvrenergy.com, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. We also post announcements, updates, events, investor information and presentations on our website in addition to copies of all recent news releases. We may use the Investor Relations section of our website to communicate with investors. It is possible that the financial and other information posted there could be deemed to be material information. Documents and information on our website are not incorporated by reference herein.

The SEC maintains a website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers, including us, that file electronically with the SEC.

September 30, 2021 | 4

Table of Contents
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited)
(in thousands)September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$100,669 $30,559 
Accounts receivable32,928 36,896 
Inventories59,026 42,349 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets3,127 8,410 
Total current assets195,750 118,214 
Property, plant, and equipment, net856,686 897,847 
Other long-term assets15,868 16,819 
Total assets$1,068,304 $1,032,880 
LIABILITIES AND PARTNERS’ CAPITAL
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$38,807 $19,544 
Accounts payable to affiliates6,409 5,217 
Deferred revenue33,754 30,631 
Other current liabilities36,219 20,949 
Total current liabilities115,189 76,341 
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt, net of current portion625,234 633,942 
Other long-term liabilities15,876 8,356 
Total long-term liabilities641,110 642,298 
Commitments and contingencies (See Note 11)
Partners’ capital:
Common unitholders, 10,681,332 and 10,705,710 units issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
312,004 314,240 
General partner interest1 1 
Total partners’ capital312,005 314,241 
Total liabilities and partners’ capital$1,068,304 $1,032,880 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
September 30, 2021 | 5

Table of Contents
CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands, except per unit data)2021202020212020
Net sales
$144,715 $79,482 $343,660 $259,654 
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of materials and other
26,114 21,736 69,974 67,675 
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
48,260 38,555 138,626 113,686 
Depreciation and amortization
17,406 18,029 52,648 56,997 
Cost of sales
91,780 78,320 261,248 238,358 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
6,619 4,232 19,310 14,038 
Loss on asset disposal 39 477 120 
Goodwill impairment
   40,969 
Operating income (loss)46,316 (3,109)62,625 (33,831)
Other (expense) income:
Interest expense, net
(11,313)(15,877)(50,564)(47,550)
Other income, net26 57 4,623 122 
Income (loss) before income tax expense35,029 (18,929)16,684 (81,259)
Income tax expense 23 19 40 
Net income (loss)$35,029 $(18,952)$16,665 $(81,299)
Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per unit$3.28 $(1.70)$1.56 $(7.22)
Distributions declared per common unit
$1.72 $ $1.72 $ 
Weighted-average common units outstanding:
Basic and Diluted
10,681 11,129 10,686 11,258 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

September 30, 2021 | 6

Table of Contents
CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF PARTNERS’ CAPITAL
(unaudited)
Common Units General
Partner
Interest
Total Partners’ Capital
(in thousands, except unit data)IssuedAmount
Balance at December 31, 202010,705,710 $314,240 $1 $314,241 
Unit repurchases(24,378)(529)— (529)
Net loss— (25,384)— (25,384)
Balance at March 31, 202110,681,332 $288,327 $1 $288,328 
Net income— 7,020 — 7,020 
Balance at June 30, 202110,681,332 $295,347 $1 $295,348 
Cash distributions to common unitholders - Affiliates
 (6,694) (6,694)
Cash distributions to common unitholders - Non-affiliates
 (11,678) (11,678)
Net income 35,029  35,029 
Balance at September 30, 202110,681,332 $312,004 $1 $312,005 

Common Units General
Partner
Interest
Total Partners’ Capital
(in thousands, except unit data)IssuedAmount
Balance at December 31, 201911,328,297 $419,543 $1 $419,544 
Land exchange with affiliate— (116)— (116)
Net loss— (20,735)— (20,735)
Balance at March 31, 202011,328,297 $398,692 $1 $398,693 
Repurchase of common units(89,022)(955)— (955)
Net loss— (41,612)— (41,612)
Balance at June 30, 202011,239,275 $356,125 $1 $356,126 
Repurchase of common units(140,378)(1,322)— (1,322)
Net loss— (18,952)— (18,952)
Balance at September 30, 202011,098,897 $335,851 $1 $335,852 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


September 30, 2021 | 7

Table of Contents
CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands)20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss)$16,665 $(81,299)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization52,648 56,997 
Goodwill impairment 40,969 
Share-based compensation15,459 (121)
Loss on extinguishment of debt8,299  
Other adjustments3,142 4,089 
Change in assets and liabilities:
Current assets and liabilities21,009 7,381 
Non-current assets and liabilities3,046 1,201 
Net cash provided by operating activities120,268 29,217 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures (10,248)(15,174)
Proceeds from sale of assets 42 48 
Net cash used in investing activities(10,206)(15,126)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Repurchase of common units(529)(2,277)
Proceeds from issuance of senior secured notes550,000  
Principal payments on senior secured notes(567,240) 
Cash distributions to common unitholders - Affiliates(6,694) 
Cash distributions to common unitholders - Non-affiliates(11,678) 
Payment of deferred financing costs(3,733)(448)
Other financing activities(78)(75)
Net cash used in financing activities(39,952)(2,800)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents70,110 11,291 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 30,559 36,994 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $100,669 $48,285 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

September 30, 2021 | 8

Table of Contents

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)

(1) Organization and Nature of Business

CVR Partners, LP (“CVR Partners” or the “Partnership”) is a Delaware limited partnership formed by CVR Energy, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, but excluding the Partnership and its subsidiaries, “CVR Energy”) to own, operate and grow its nitrogen fertilizer business. The Partnership produces nitrogen fertilizer products at two manufacturing facilities, which are located in Coffeyville, Kansas (the “Coffeyville Facility”) and East Dubuque, Illinois (the “East Dubuque Facility”). Both facilities manufacture ammonia and are able to further upgrade to other nitrogen fertilizer products, principally urea ammonium nitrate (“UAN”). Nitrogen fertilizer is used by farmers to improve the yield and quality of their crops, primarily corn and wheat. The Partnership’s products are sold on a wholesale basis in the United States of America. As used in these financial statements, references to CVR Partners, the Partnership, “we”, “us”, and “our” may refer to consolidated subsidiaries of CVR Partners or one or both of the facilities, as the context may require.

Interest Holders

As of September 30, 2021, public common unitholders held approximately 64% of the Partnership’s outstanding limited partner interests; CVR Services, LLC (“CVR Services”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of CVR Energy, held approximately 36% of the Partnership’s outstanding limited partner interests; and CVR GP, LLC (“CVR GP” or the “general partner”), a wholly owned subsidiary of CVR Energy, held 100% of the Partnership’s general partner interest. As of September 30, 2021, Icahn Enterprises L.P. and its affiliates owned approximately 71% of the common stock of CVR Energy.

Unit Repurchase Program

On May 6, 2020, the board of directors of the Partnership’s general partner (the “Board”), on behalf of the Partnership, authorized a unit repurchase program (the “Unit Repurchase Program”). The Unit Repurchase Program enables the Partnership to repurchase up to $10 million of the Partnership’s common units. On February 22, 2021, the Board authorized an additional $10 million for the Unit Repurchase Program. During the three months ended September 30, 2021, the Partnership did not repurchase any common units. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Partnership repurchased 24,378 common units on the open market in accordance with a repurchase agreement under Rules 10b5-1 and 10b-18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, at a cost of $0.5 million, inclusive of transaction costs, or an average price of $21.70 per common unit. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, as adjusted to reflect the impact of the 1-for-10 reverse unit split of the Partnership’s common units that was effective as of November 23, 2020, the Partnership repurchased 140,378 and 229,400 common units, respectively, at a cost of $1.3 million and $2.3 million, respectively, inclusive of transaction costs, or an average price of $9.42 and $9.92 per common unit, respectively. As of September 30, 2021, the Partnership had $12.4 million in authority remaining under the Unit Repurchase Program. This Unit Repurchase Program does not obligate the Partnership to acquire any common units and may be cancelled or terminated by the Board at any time.

Management and Operations

The Partnership, including CVR GP, is managed by a combination of the Board, the general partner’s executive officers, CVR Services (as sole member of the general partner), and certain officers of CVR Energy, pursuant to the Partnership Agreement, as well as a number of agreements between the Partnership, CVR GP, CVR Energy, and certain of their respective subsidiaries, including a services agreement. See Part II, Item 8 of CVR Partners’ Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 Form 10-K”) for further discussion. Common unitholders have limited voting rights on matters affecting the Partnership and have no right to elect the general partner’s directors or officers, whether on an annual or continuing basis or otherwise.

(2) Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the December 31, 2020 audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the 2020 Form 10-K.

September 30, 2021 | 9

Table of Contents

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
In the opinion of the Partnership’s management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments that are necessary for fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations of the Partnership for the periods presented. Such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature, unless otherwise disclosed.

The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that will be realized for the year ending December 31, 2021 or any other interim or annual period.

(3) Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recent Accounting Pronouncements - Adoption of Income Taxes Standard

In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740). The ASU simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and modifies other areas of the topic to clarify the application of GAAP. Certain amendments within the standard are required to be applied on a retrospective basis and others on a prospective basis. Effective January 1, 2021, we adopted this ASU with no material impact on the Partnership’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements - Adoption of Codification Improvements Standard

In October 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-10, Codification Improvements. The ASU amends various sections of the codification in the FASB’s ongoing efforts to simplify and improve guidance. Effective January 1, 2021, we adopted this ASU with no material impact on the Partnership’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements - New Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Implemented

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848). This ASU was issued because, by the end of 2021, banks will no longer be required to report information that is used to determine London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), which is used globally by all types of entities. As a result, LIBOR could be discontinued, as well as other interest rates used globally. ASU 2020-04 provides companies with optional expedients for contract modifications under Topics 310, 470, 842, and 815-15, excluded components of certain hedging relationships, fair value hedges, and cash flow hedges, as well as certain exceptions, which are intended to help ease the potential accounting burden associated with transitioning away from these reference rates. ASU 2021-01 clarifies certain optional expedients and exceptions for contract modifications and hedge accounting. Companies can apply the ASU immediately. However, the guidance will only be available for a limited time (generally through December 31, 2022). The Partnership is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting standard, but does not expect it to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

(4) Inventories

Inventories consisted of the following:
(in thousands)September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Finished goods$22,393 $9,815 
Raw materials787 152 
Parts, supplies and other35,846 32,382 
Total inventories
$59,026 $42,349 
September 30, 2021 | 10

Table of Contents

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(5) Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following:
(in thousands)September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Machinery and equipment $1,393,816 $1,388,735 
Buildings and improvements 17,598 17,598 
Automotive equipment 16,696 16,608 
Land and improvements 14,199 14,132 
Construction in progress 18,090 12,098 
Other2,220 1,721 
1,462,619 1,450,892 
Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization605,933 553,045 
Total property, plant and equipment, net
$856,686 $897,847 

As of September 30, 2021, the Partnership had not identified the existence of an impairment indicator for our long-lived asset groups as outlined under ASC Topic 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment.

(6) Leases

Lease Overview

We lease railcars and certain facilities to support the Partnership’s operations. Most leases include one or more options to renew, with renewal terms that can extend the lease term from one to 20 years or more. The exercise of lease renewal options is at our sole discretion. Certain leases also include options to purchase the leased property. The depreciable life of assets and leasehold improvements are limited by the expected lease term, unless there is a transfer of title or purchase option reasonably certain of exercise. Certain of our lease agreements include rental payments which are adjusted periodically for factors such as inflation. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants. Additionally, we do not have any material lessor or sub-leasing arrangements.

Balance Sheet Summary as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020

The following tables summarize the right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and lease liability balances for the Partnership’s operating and finance leases at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(in thousands)Operating LeasesFinance LeasesOperating LeasesFinance Leases
ROU asset, net
Railcars$5,363 $ $7,327 $ 
Real estate and other2,849 60 3,040 101 
Lease liability
Railcars$5,363 $ $7,696 $ 
Real estate and other716 18 867 105 

September 30, 2021 | 11

Table of Contents

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
Lease Expense Summary for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020

We recognize lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term and short-term lease expense within Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization). For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, we recognized lease expense comprised of the following components:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)2021202020212020
Operating lease expense$956 $1,000 $2,876 $3,144 
Finance lease expense:
Amortization of ROU asset$33 $25 $77 $75 
Interest expense on lease liability1 1 2 5 
Short-term lease expense$121 $113 $421 $316 

Lease Terms and Discount Rates

The following outlines the remaining lease terms and discount rates used in the measurement of the Partnership’s ROU assets and liabilities at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Operating LeasesFinance LeasesOperating LeasesFinance Leases
Weighted-average remaining lease term2.3 years0.6 years2.9 years1.3 years
Weighted-average discount rate5.1 %4.0 %5.1 %4.0 %

Maturities of Lease Liabilities

The following summarizes the remaining minimum lease payments through maturity of the Partnership’s ROU assets and liabilities at September 30, 2021:
(in thousands)Operating LeasesFinance Leases
Remainder of 2021$914 $18 
20223,220  
20231,359  
2024676  
2025261  
Thereafter  
Total lease payments 6,430 18 
Less: imputed interest(351) 
Total lease liability$6,079 $18 

September 30, 2021 | 12

Table of Contents

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(7) Other Current Liabilities

Other current liabilities consisted of the following:
(in thousands)September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Accrued interest$11,326 $2,506 
Share-based compensation8,002 442 
Personnel accruals7,060 7,475 
Operating lease liabilities3,317 3,309 
Sales incentives2,888 2,215 
Accrued taxes other than income taxes2,196 1,769 
Prepaid revenue contracts145 197 
Current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations18 2,240 
Other accrued expenses and liabilities 1,267 796 
Total other current liabilities
$36,219 $20,949 

(8) Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consists of the following:
(in thousands)September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
9.25% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2023 (1)(5)
$80,000 $645,000 
6.125% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2028 (1)
550,000 — 
Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs (2)(4,766)(11,058)
Total long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of current portion625,234 633,942 
Current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations (3)(4)18 2,240 
Total long-term debt and finance lease obligations, including current portion$625,252 $636,182 
(1)The estimated fair value of the 9.25% Senior Secured Notes due June 2023 (the “2023 Notes”) was approximately $80.2 million and $645.7 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The estimated fair value of the 6.125% Senior Secured Notes due June 2028 was approximately $576.8 million as of September 30, 2021. These estimates of fair value are a Level 2 measurement as they were determined by quotations obtained from a broker-dealer who makes a market in these and similar securities.
(2)For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, amortization of the discount on debt and amortization of deferred financing costs reported as Interest expense, net totaled approximately $0.2 million and $2.2 million, respectively, and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, Interest expense, net totaled approximately $1.0 million and $2.8 million, respectively.
(3)The $2.2 million outstanding balance of the 6.50% Notes, due April 2021, was paid in full on April 15, 2021.
(4)Current portion of finance lease obligations recognized was nominal as of September 30, 2021. Amount is reported in Other current liabilities.
(5)The call price of the 2023 Notes decreased to par on June 15, 2021. On June 23, 2021 and September 23, 2021, the Partnership redeemed $550 million and $15 million, respectively, of the 2023 Notes at par, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The remaining balance of $80 million is outstanding as of September 30, 2021.

Credit Agreements
(in thousands)Total Available Borrowing CapacityAmount Borrowed as of September 30, 2021Outstanding Letters of CreditAvailable Capacity as of September 30, 2021Maturity Date
ABL Credit Facility (1)(2)(3)$35,000 $ $ $35,000 September 30, 2024
(1)On September 30, 2021, the Partnership entered into a senior secured asset based credit agreement with an aggregate principal amount of up to $35.0 million with a maturity date of September 30, 2024 (the “ABL Credit Facility”) and terminated its $35.0 million ABL Credit Agreement, dated as of September 30, 2016, as amended (the “2016 ABL Credit Agreement”).
(2)Beginning September 30, 2021, loans under the Partnership’s ABL Credit Facility bear interest at an annual rate equal to, at the option of the borrowers, (i) (a) 1.615% plus the daily simple Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) or (b) 0.615% plus a base rate, if our quarterly excess availability is greater than or equal to 75%, (ii) (a) 1.865% plus SOFR or (b) 0.865% plus a base rate, if our quarterly
September 30, 2021 | 13

Table of Contents

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
excess availability is greater than or equal to 50% but less than 75%, or (iii) (a) 2.115% plus SOFR or (b) 1.115% plus a base rate, otherwise.
(3)Amortization expense was $0.1 million and $0.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, and $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively.

2028 Notes - On June 23, 2021, CVR Partners and its subsidiary, CVR Nitrogen Finance Corporation (“Finance Co.” and, together with CVR Partners, the “Issuers”), completed a private offering of $550 million aggregate principal amount of 6.125% Senior Secured Notes due June 2028 (the “2028 Notes”). Interest on the 2028 Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on June 15 and December 15 each year, commencing on December 15, 2021. The 2028 Notes mature on June 15, 2028, unless earlier redeemed or repurchased by the Issuers. The 2028 Notes are jointly and severally guaranteed on a senior secured basis by all the existing domestic subsidiaries of CVR Partners, excluding Finance Co.

In relation to the issuance of the 2028 Notes, the Partnership received $546.7 million of net cash proceeds, net of underwriting fees and other third-party fees and expenses associated with the offering. The debt issuance costs of the 2028 Notes totaled approximately $3.9 million and are being amortized over the term of the 2028 Notes as interest expense using the effective-interest amortization method.

We may, at our option, at any time and from time to time prior to June 15, 2024, on any one or more occasions, redeem all or part of the 2028 Notes at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus a “make whole” premium, plus accrued and unpaid interest. On or after June 15, 2024, we may, on any one or more occasions, redeem all or part of the 2028 Notes at the redemption prices set forth below, expressed as a percentage of the principal amount of the respective notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the applicable redemption date.
12-month period beginning June 15,Percentage
2024103.063%
2025101.531%
2026 and thereafter100.000%

The indenture governing the 2028 Notes contains covenants that are substantially the same as the indenture governing the 2023 Notes. However, the 2028 Notes contain a permitted investment activity carveout that allows for the transfer of certain carbon capture assets to a joint venture for the purpose of monetizing potential tax credits.

2023 Notes - On June 23, 2021, the Partnership redeemed $550 million aggregate principal amount of the outstanding 2023 Notes at par and settled accrued interest of approximately $1.1 million through the date of redemption. As a result of this transaction, the Partnership recognized in Interest expense, net a $7.8 million loss on extinguishment of debt in the second quarter of 2021, which includes the write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discount of $2.9 million and $4.9 million, respectively.

On September 23, 2021, the Partnership redeemed $15 million aggregate principal amount of the outstanding 2023 Notes at par and settled accrued interest of approximately $0.4 million through the date of redemption. As a result of the redemption, the Partnership recognized in Interest expense, net a $0.2 million loss on extinguishment of debt in the third quarter of 2021, which includes the write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs and discount of $0.1 million and $0.1 million, respectively.

ABL Credit Facility - On September 30, 2021, CVR Partners, LP and its subsidiaries, CVR Nitrogen, LP, East Dubuque Nitrogen Fertilizers, LLC, Coffeyville Resources Nitrogen Fertilizers, LLC, CVR Nitrogen Holdings, LLC, Finance Co. and CVR Nitrogen GP, LLC, entered into the ABL Credit Facility with Wells Fargo Bank National Association, a national banking association (“Wells Fargo”), as administrative agent, collateral agent, and lender. The ABL Credit Facility has an aggregate principal amount of availability of up to $35.0 million with an incremental facility, which permits an increase in borrowings of up to $15.0 million in the aggregate subject to additional lender commitments and certain other conditions. The proceeds of the loans may be used for general corporate purposes of the Partnership and its subsidiaries. The ABL Credit Facility provides for loans and letters of credit, subject to meeting certain borrowing base conditions, with sub-limits of $3.5 million for swingline loans and $10.0 million for letters of credit. The ABL Credit Facility is scheduled to mature on September 30, 2024.

Loans under the ABL Credit Facility initially bear interest at an annual rate equal to, at the option of the borrowers, (i) 1.615% plus SOFR or (ii) 0.615% plus a base rate. Based on the previous quarter’s excess availability, such annual rate could
September 30, 2021 | 14

Table of Contents

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
increase to, at the option of the borrowers, (i) 2.115% plus SOFR or (ii) 1.115% plus a base rate. The borrowers must also pay a commitment fee on the unutilized commitments and also pay customary letter of credit fees.

The ABL Credit Facility contains customary covenants for a financing of this type and requires the Partnership in certain circumstances to comply with a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio test and contains other restrictive covenants that limit the ability of the Partnership and its subsidiaries ability to, among other things, incur liens, engage in a consolidation, merger, purchase or sale of assets, pay dividends, incur indebtedness, make advances, investments and loans, enter into affiliate transactions, issue certain equity interests, create subsidiaries and unrestricted subsidiaries, and create certain restrictions on the ability to make distributions, loans, and asset transfers among the Partnership or its subsidiaries.

In connection with the ABL Credit Facility, the Partnership incurred lender and other third-party costs of $0.8 million which have been deferred in Prepaid expenses and other current assets and Other long-term assets and are being amortized as interest expense over the term of the ABL Credit Facility using the straight-line amortization method.

2016 ABL Credit Agreement - On September 30, 2021, the Partnership terminated its 2016 ABL Credit Agreement, which had no outstanding borrowings. As a result of the termination, the Partnership recognized in Interest expense, net a loss on extinguishment of $0.3 million, which is comprised of the write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs.

Covenant Compliance

The Partnership and its subsidiaries were in compliance with all covenants under their respective debt instruments as of September 30, 2021.

(9) Revenue

The following table presents the Partnership’s revenue, disaggregated by major product:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)2021202020212020
Ammonia$26,550 $12,995 $68,180 $63,906 
UAN 98,312 51,042 223,972 153,350 
Urea products8,168 3,385 19,746 10,453 
Net sales, exclusive of freight and other133,030 67,422 311,898 227,709 
Freight revenue9,249 9,545 24,234 24,222 
Other revenue2,436 2,515 7,528 7,723 
Net sales$144,715 $79,482 $343,660 $259,654 

Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligations

As of September 30, 2021, the Partnership had approximately $6.7 million of remaining performance obligations for contracts with an original expected duration of more than one year. The Partnership expects to recognize approximately $1.3 million of these performance obligations as revenue by the end of 2021, an additional $3.5 million in 2022, and the remaining balance thereafter.

Contract Balances

The Partnership’s deferred revenue is a contract liability that primarily relates to nitrogen fertilizer sales contracts requiring customer prepayment prior to product delivery to guarantee a price and supply of nitrogen fertilizer. Deferred revenue is recorded at the point in time in which a prepaid contract is legally enforceable and the associated right to consideration is unconditional prior to transferring product to the customer. An associated receivable is recorded for uncollected prepaid contract amounts. Contracts requiring prepayment are generally short-term in nature and, as discussed above, revenue is recognized at the point in time in which the customer obtains control of the product.

September 30, 2021 | 15

Table of Contents

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
A summary of the deferred revenue activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 is presented below:
(in thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2020$30,631 
Add:
New prepay contracts entered into during the period (1)54,252 
Less:
Revenue recognized that was included in the contract liability balance at the beginning of the period(29,735)
Revenue recognized related to contracts entered into during the period(21,253)
Other changes(141)
Balance at September 30, 2021$33,754 
(1) Includes $50.2 million where payment associated with prepaid contracts was collected as of September 30, 2021.

(10) Share-Based Compensation

A summary of compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 is presented below:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)2021202020212020
Phantom Units$4,563 $144 $13,096 $(54)
Other Awards (1)
925 (96)2,363 (67)
Total share-based compensation expense$5,488 $48 $15,459 $(121)
(1)Other awards include the allocation of compensation expense for certain employees of CVR Energy and certain of its subsidiaries who perform services for the Partnership under the services agreement with CVR Energy and the Limited Partnership Agreement, respectively, and participate in equity compensation plans of CVR Partners’ affiliates.

(11) Commitments and Contingencies

There have been no material changes in the Partnership’s commitments and contingencies disclosed in the 2020 Form 10-K. In the ordinary course of business, the Partnership may become party to lawsuits, administrative proceedings, and governmental investigations, including environmental, regulatory, and other matters. The outcome of these matters cannot always be predicted accurately, but the Partnership accrues liabilities for these matters if the Partnership has determined that it is probable a loss has been incurred and the loss can be reasonably estimated. While it is not possible to predict the outcome of such proceedings, if one or more of them were decided against us, the Partnership believes there would be no material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

The Partnership continues to monitor its contractual arrangements and customer, vendor, and supplier relationships to determine whether and to what extent, if any, the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic or ongoing price volatility will impair or excuse the performance of the Partnership or its subsidiaries or their customers, vendors, or suppliers under existing agreements. As of September 30, 2021, the Partnership had not experienced a material financial impact from any actual or threatened impairment of or excuse in its or others’ performance under such agreements.

September 30, 2021 | 16

Table of Contents

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(12) Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Cash flows related to income taxes, interest, leases, and capital expenditures and deferred financing costs included in accounts payable are as follows:
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)20212020
Supplemental disclosures:
Cash paid for interest$31,547 $30,058 
Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds27 73 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases2,745 3,049 
Operating cash flows from finance leases2 5 
Financing cash flows from finance leases78 75 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
Change in capital expenditures included in accounts payable3,279 (1,411)
Change in deferred financing costs included in accounts payable677  

(13) Related Party Transactions

Activity associated with the Partnership’s related party arrangements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 is summarized below.

Related Party Activity
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)2021202020212020
Sales to related parties (1)$7 $107 $308 $989 
Purchases from related parties (2)11,286 5,025 29,109 16,289 

September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Due to related parties (3)2,891 694 
(1)Sales to related parties, included in Net sales, consist primarily of sales of feedstocks and services to Coffeyville Resources Refining & Marketing, LLC (“CRRM”) under the Master Service Agreement with Coffeyville Resources Nitrogen Fertilizers, LLC (the “Coffeyville MSA”).
(2)Purchases from related parties, included in Cost of materials and other, Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization), and Selling, general and administrative expenses, consist primarily of pet coke and hydrogen purchased from CRRM under the Coffeyville MSA and services provided by CVR Services under the Corporate Master Service Agreement (the “Corporate MSA”).
(3)Due to related parties, included in Accounts payable to affiliates, consists primarily of amounts to be received or payable for feedstocks and other supplies and services provided by CRRM and CVR Services under the Coffeyville MSA and Corporate MSA.

September 30, 2021 | 17

Table of Contents

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
Distributions to CVR Partners’ Unitholders

Distributions, if any, including the payment, amount, and timing thereof, are subject to change at the discretion of the Board. The following table presents distributions paid by the Partnership to CVR Partners’ unitholders, including amounts paid to CVR Energy, as of September 30, 2021.
Dividends Paid (in thousands)
Related PeriodDate PaidDividend Per Common UnitUnitholdersCVR EnergyTotal
2021 - 2nd QuarterAugust 23, 2021$1.72 $11,678 $6,694 $18,372 

There were no distributions declared or paid by the Partnership related to the first quarter of 2021 and fourth quarter of 2020, and no distributions were declared or paid during 2020.

For the third quarter of 2021, the Partnership, upon approval by the Board on November 1, 2021, declared a distribution of $2.93 per common unit, or $31.3 million, which is payable November 22, 2021 to unitholders of record as of November 12, 2021. Of this amount, CVR Energy will receive approximately $11.4 million, with the remaining amount payable to public unitholders.


September 30, 2021 | 18

Table of Contents
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes and with the statistical information and financial data appearing in this Report, as well as our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 23, 2021 (the “2020 Form 10-K”). Results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of results to be attained for any other period. See “Important Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”

Reflected in this discussion and analysis is how management views the Partnership’s current financial condition and results of operations along with key external variables and management actions that may impact the Partnership. Understanding significant external variables, such as market conditions, weather, and seasonal trends, among others, and management actions taken to manage the Partnership, address external variables, among others, which will increase users’ understanding of the Partnership, its financial condition and results of operations. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to those discussed below and elsewhere in this Report.

Partnership Overview

CVR Partners, LP (“CVR Partners” or the “Partnership”) is a Delaware limited partnership formed in 2011 by CVR Energy, Inc. (“CVR Energy”) to own, operate, and grow its nitrogen fertilizer business. The Partnership produces and distributes nitrogen fertilizer products, which are used by farmers to improve the yield and quality of their crops. The Partnership produces these products at two manufacturing facilities, which are located in Coffeyville, Kansas (the “Coffeyville Facility”) and East Dubuque, Illinois (the “East Dubuque Facility”). Our principal products are ammonia and urea ammonium nitrate (“UAN”). All of our products are sold on a wholesale basis. References to CVR Partners, the Partnership, “we”, “us”, and “our” may refer to consolidated subsidiaries of CVR Partners or one or both of the facilities, as the context may require. Additionally, as the context may require, references to CVR Energy may refer to CVR Energy and its consolidated subsidiaries which include its petroleum refining, marketing, and logistics operations.

Strategy and Goals

The Partnership has adopted Mission and Values, which articulate the Partnership’s expectations for how it and its employees do business each and every day.

Mission and Core Values

Our Mission is to be a top tier North American nitrogen-based fertilizer company as measured by safe and reliable operations, superior performance and profitable growth. The foundation of how we operate is built on five core Values:

Safety - We always put safety first. The protection of our employees, contractors and communities is paramount. We have an unwavering commitment to safety above all else. If it’s not safe, then we don’t do it.

Environment - We care for our environment. Complying with all regulations and minimizing any environmental impact from our operations is essential. We understand our obligation to the environment and that it’s our duty to protect it.

Integrity - We require high business ethics. We comply with the law and practice sound corporate governance. We only conduct business one way—the right way with integrity.

Corporate Citizenship - We are proud members of the communities where we operate. We are good neighbors and know that it’s a privilege we can’t take for granted. We seek to make a positive economic and social impact through our financial donations and the contributions of time, knowledge and talent of our employees to the places where we live and work.

September 30, 2021 | 19

Table of Contents
Continuous Improvement - We believe in both individual and team success. We foster accountability under a performance-driven culture that supports creative thinking, teamwork, diversity and personal development so that employees can realize their maximum potential. We use defined work practices for consistency, efficiency and to create value across the organization.

Our core values are driven by our people, inform the way we do business each and every day and enhance our ability to accomplish our mission and related strategic objectives.

Strategic Objectives

We have outlined the following strategic objectives to drive the accomplishment of our mission:

Environmental Health & Safety (“EH&S”) - We aim to achieve continuous improvement in all EH&S areas through ensuring our people’s commitment to environmental, health and safety comes first, the refinement of existing policies, continuous training, and enhanced monitoring procedures.

Reliability - Our goal is to achieve industry-leading utilization rates at both of our facilities through safe and reliable operations. We are focusing on improvements in day-to-day plant operations, identifying alternative sources for plant inputs to reduce lost time due to third-party operational constraints, and optimizing our commercial and marketing functions to maintain plant operations at their highest level.

Market Capture - We continuously evaluate opportunities to improve the facilities’ realized pricing at the gate and reduce variable costs incurred in production to maximize our capture of market opportunities.

Financial Discipline - We strive to be as efficient as possible by maintaining low operating costs and disciplined deployment of capital.

Achievements

During the first nine months of 2021, we successfully executed a number of achievements in support of our strategic objectives shown below through the date of this filing:
SafetyReliabilityMarket CaptureFinancial Discipline
Operated both facilities safely and reliably and at high utilization ratesüüü
Achieved reductions in environmental events and project safety management tier 1 incidents of 75% and 73%, respectively, compared to the first nine months of 2020ü
Achieved record truck shipments and total shipments from the Coffeyville Facility in March 2021üüü
Achieved record ammonia production at the Coffeyville Facility in September 2021üü
Utilized downtime throughout the year to proactively complete maintenance work at the Coffeyville Facility, enabling the deferral of the planned turnaround from Fall 2021 to Summer 2022üüü
Reduced CVR Partners’ annual cash interest expense by over 31% through refinancing a substantial portion of the 2023 Notes and subsequently redeeming $15 million of the remaining balance of the 2023 Notes
ü
Declared total cash distributions of $4.65 per common unit related to the first nine months of 2021
ü

September 30, 2021 | 20

Table of Contents
Industry Factors and Market Indicators
Within the nitrogen fertilizer business, earnings and cash flows from operations are primarily affected by the relationship between nitrogen fertilizer product prices, utilization, and operating costs and expenses, including pet coke and natural gas feedstock costs.

The price at which nitrogen fertilizer products are ultimately sold depends on numerous factors, including the global supply and demand for nitrogen fertilizer products which, in turn, depends on, among other factors, world grain demand and production levels, changes in world population, the cost and availability of fertilizer transportation infrastructure, local market conditions, operating levels of competing facilities, weather conditions, the availability of imports, impacts of foreign imports and foreign subsidies thereof, and the extent of government intervention in agriculture markets.
Nitrogen fertilizer prices are also affected by local factors, including local market conditions and the operating levels of competing facilities. An expansion or upgrade of competitors’ facilities, new facility development, political and economic developments, and other factors are likely to continue to play an important role in nitrogen fertilizer industry economics. These factors can impact, among other things, the level of inventories in the market, resulting in price volatility and a reduction in product margins. Moreover, the industry typically experiences seasonal fluctuations in demand for nitrogen fertilizer products.

General Business Environment

Throughout 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic and actions taken by governments and others in response thereto negatively impacted the worldwide economy, financial markets, and the agricultural industry, resulting in significant business and operational disruptions. Consequently, the U.S. demand for liquid transportation fuels, including ethanol (the production of which is a significant driver of demand for corn), declined, causing many refineries and plants to reduce production or idle. During 2021, government restrictions have eased, vaccines have become available, and demand for transportation fuels has increased. Demand for ethanol for fuels blending has largely recovered to pre-COVID-19 levels, although an increase in outbreaks of any variant of COVID-19 could reverse this recovery. Concerns over the long-term negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on economic and business prospects across the world have contributed to increased market and grain price volatility and have diminished expectations for the global economy.

The Partnership believes the general business environment in which it operates will continue to remain volatile during 2021 and into 2022, driven by uncertainty around the availability and prices of its feedstocks, demand for its products, and global supply disruptions. As a result, future operating results and current and long-term financial conditions could be negatively impacted if economic conditions decline, remain volatile, and do not return to pre-pandemic levels. Due to the uncertainty of the global recovery, including its duration, timing, and strength, the Partnership is not able at this time to predict the extent to which these events may have a material, or any, effect on its financial or operational results in future periods.

Market Indicators

While there is risk of shorter-term volatility given the inherent nature of the commodity cycle, the Partnership believes the long-term fundamentals for the U.S. nitrogen fertilizer industry remain intact. The Partnership views the anticipated combination of (i) increasing global population, (ii) decreasing arable land per capita, (iii) continued evolution to more protein-based diets in developing countries, (iv) sustained use of corn as feedstock for the domestic production of ethanol, and (v) positioning at the lower end of the global cost curve should provide a solid foundation for nitrogen fertilizer producers in the U.S. over the longer term.

Corn and soybeans are two major crops planted by farmers in North America. Corn crops result in the depletion of the amount of nitrogen within the soil in which it is grown, which in turn, results in the need for this nutrient to be replenished after each growing cycle. Unlike corn, soybeans are able to obtain most of their own nitrogen through a process known as “N fixation.” As such, upon harvesting of soybeans, the soil retains a certain amount of nitrogen which results in lower demand for nitrogen fertilizer for the following corn planting cycle. Due to these factors, nitrogen fertilizer consumers generally operate a balanced corn-soybean rotational planting cycle as evident through the chart presented below for 2021 and 2020.

The relationship between the total acres planted for both corn and soybean has a direct impact on the overall demand for nitrogen products, as the market and demand for nitrogen increases with increased corn acres and decreases with increased soybean acres. Additionally, an estimated 8 billion pounds of soybean oil is expected to be used in producing cleaner biodiesel
September 30, 2021 | 21

Table of Contents
in marketing year 2020/2021. Multiple refiners have announced biodiesel expansion projects for 2021 and beyond, which will only increase the demand and capacity for soybeans. Due to the uncertainty of how these factors will truly affect the soybean market, it is not yet known how the nitrogen business will be impacted.

The 2021 United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) reports on corn and soybean acres planted indicated farmers’ intentions to plant 93.3 million acres of corn, representing an increase of 2.9% in corn acres planted as compared to 90.7 million corn acres in 2020. Planted soybean acres are estimated to be 87.2 million acres, representing a 4.7% increase in soybean acres planted as compared to 83.4 million soybean acres in 2020. The combined corn and soybean planted acres of 180.5 million is the highest in history, and based on expected yields and crop prices, farm economics have been very attractive in 2021.

Ethanol is blended with gasoline to meet renewable fuel standard requirements and for its octane value. Ethanol production has historically consumed approximately 35% of the U.S. corn crop, so demand for corn generally rises and falls with ethanol demand. There was a decline in ethanol demand in 2020 due to decreased demand for transportation fuels as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the lower ethanol demand did not alter the spring 2021 or 2020 planting decisions by farmers as evidenced in the charts below.
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g2.jpghttps://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g3.jpg
(1)Information used within this chart was obtained from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (“EIA”).
(2)Information used within this chart was obtained from the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Services.

Weather continues to be a critical variable for crop production. The normal weather in the spring and the fall of 2020 allowed for an efficient spring application period and fall harvest. However, the unusual derecho storm in the Midwest in August 2020 damaged a significant number of corn acres, reducing harvested corn yields and, coupled with higher demand for corn starting in the second half of 2020, led to much lower corn inventory levels and significantly higher corn prices. Soybeans have also experienced high demand levels starting in the second half of 2020 and inventory levels are much lower, resulting in much higher soybean prices. The higher grain prices increased planted corn and soybean acres for the spring of 2021 and led to higher demand for nitrogen fertilizer, as well as other crop inputs.

Fertilizer prices have risen significantly since January 1, 2021 due to strong grain prices, the strong spring 2021 planting season, and lower fertilizer supply due to nitrogen fertilizer production outages during Winter Storm Uri and Hurricane Ida and significant escalation in global feedstock costs for nitrogen fertilizer production. While natural gas prices were at historical lows across the world in 2020, they have escalated significantly since the summer of 2021, causing nitrogen fertilizer production to be reduced or shut-in in Europe. In addition to escalating coal and LNG prices in China, nitrogen fertilizer exports have been reduced significantly in the second half of 2021.

On June 30, 2021, CF Industries Nitrogen, L.L.C., Terra Nitrogen, Limited Partnership, and Terra International (Oklahoma) LLC filed petitions with the U.S. Department of Commerce and the U.S. International Trade Commission (the “ITC”) requesting the initiation of antidumping and countervailing duty investigations on imports of UAN from Russia and Trinidad and Tobago (“Trinidad”). In August 2021, the U.S. Department of Commerce decided to pursue an investigation to determine the extent of dumping and unfair subsidies associated with imports from Russia and Trinidad, and the ITC initiated a
September 30, 2021 | 22

Table of Contents
concurrent investigation to determine whether such imports materially injure the U.S. industry. We believe it is too early to determine how these investigations might affect CVR Partners and the nitrogen fertilizer industry in the U.S. in general.

The tables below show relevant market indicators by month through September 30, 2021:
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g4.jpghttps://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g5.jpg
(1)Information used within these charts was obtained from various third-party sources, including Green Markets (a Bloomberg Company), Pace Petroleum Coke Quarterly, and the EIA, amongst others.

Results of Operations

The following should be read in conjunction with the information outlined in the previous sections of this Part I, Item 2, the financial statements, and related notes thereto in Part I, Item 1 of this Report.
The charts presented below summarize our ammonia utilization rates on a consolidated basis for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. Utilization is an important measure used by management to assess operational output at each of the Partnership’s facilities. Utilization is calculated as actual tons of ammonia produced divided by capacity adjusted for planned maintenance and turnarounds.
Utilization is presented solely on ammonia production rather than each nitrogen product as it provides a comparative baseline against industry peers and eliminates the disparity of facility configurations for upgrade of ammonia into other nitrogen products. With efforts primarily focused on ammonia upgrade capabilities, we believe this measure provides a meaningful view of how well we operate.
September 30, 2021 | 23

Table of Contents
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g6.jpghttps://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g7.jpg
On a consolidated basis for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, utilization decreased to 94% and 93%, respectively. The decreases during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 were primarily due to downtime associated with the Messer air separation plant at the Coffeyville Facility experienced in January, June, and August of 2021 (the “Messer Outages”), as well as downtime at the Coffeyville Facility and East Dubuque Facility in July and September 2021, respectively, due to externally driven power outages (the “Power Outages”), compared to the same periods of 2020.

Sales and Pricing per Ton - Two of our key operating metrics are total sales volumes for ammonia and UAN, along with the product pricing per ton realized at the gate. Total product sales volumes were unfavorable, driven by lower production due to the Messer Outages and the Power Outages. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the low sales volumes were more than offset by price increases of 110% and 42%, respectively, for ammonia and 118% and 54%, respectively, for UAN. Ammonia and UAN sales prices were favorable primarily due to higher crop pricing coupled with lower fertilizer supply driven by production outages from Winter Storm Uri in February 2021 and Hurricane Ida in August and September 2021, as well as increased industry turnaround activity. Product pricing at the gate represents net sales less freight revenue divided by product sales volume in tons and is shown in order to provide a pricing measure comparable across the fertilizer industry.

Operating Highlights for the Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 versus September 30, 2020
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g8.jpghttps://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g9.jpg
September 30, 2021 | 24

Table of Contents
Operating Highlights for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 versus September 30, 2020
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g10.jpghttps://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g11.jpg
Production Volumes - Gross tons produced for ammonia represent the total ammonia produced, including ammonia produced that was upgraded into other fertilizer products. Net tons available for sale represent the ammonia available for sale that was not upgraded into other fertilizer products. Production for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 was impacted by the Messer Outages and the Power Outages. The table below presents these metrics for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020:
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands of tons)2021 2020 2021 2020
Ammonia (gross produced)205 215 610 631 
Ammonia (net available for sale)65 71 205 228 
UAN314 330 920 968 

Feedstock - Our Coffeyville Facility utilizes a pet coke gasification process to produce nitrogen fertilizer. Our East Dubuque Facility uses natural gas in its production of ammonia. The table below presents these feedstocks for both facilities for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020:
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2021 2020 2021 2020
Petroleum coke used in production (thousand tons)129 129 390 393 
Petroleum coke (dollars per ton)$50.35 $35.11 $43.23 $36.77 
Natural gas used in production (thousands of MMBtu) (1)2,043 2,136 6,079 6,408 
Natural gas used in production (dollars per MMBtu) (1)$4.29 $2.10 $3.48 $2.15 
Natural gas in cost of materials and other (thousands of MMBtu) (1)1,786 2,026 5,436 6,660 
Natural gas in cost of materials and other (dollars per MMBtu) (1)$3.78 $2.01 $3.27 $2.25 
(1)The feedstock natural gas shown above does not include natural gas used for fuel. The cost of fuel natural gas is included in Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization).

Financial Highlights for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020

Overview - For the three months ended September 30, 2021, the Partnership’s operating income and net income were $46.3 million and $35.0 million, respectively, representing improvements of $49.4 million and $54.0 million, respectively, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020. These increases were driven by the significantly higher pricing environment for ammonia and UAN products in 2021. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Partnership’s operating income and net income were $62.6 million and $16.7 million, respectively, representing a $96.4 million and $98.0
September 30, 2021 | 25

Table of Contents
million increase in operating income and net income, respectively, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020. Beyond the goodwill impairment of $41.0 million negatively impacting the 2020 period, these improvements were driven primarily by higher ammonia and UAN sales prices in 2021 due to higher crop pricing combined with lower nitrogen fertilizer supply driven by production outages during Winter Storm Uri in February 2021, Hurricane Ida in August and September 2021, and an increase in turnaround activity across the industry that further reduced available supply.
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g12.jpghttps://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g13.jpg
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g14.jpghttps://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g15.jpg
(1)See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” section below for reconciliations of the non-GAAP measures shown above.

Net Sales - For the three months ended September 30, 2021, net sales increased by $65.2 million to $144.7 million compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020. This increase was primarily due to favorable pricing conditions which contributed $67.3 million in higher revenues, partially offset by decreased sales volumes contributing $6.4 million in lower revenues, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020.

The following table demonstrates the impact of changes in sales volumes and pricing for the primary components of net sales, excluding urea products, freight, and other revenue, for the three months ended September 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020:
(in thousands)Price
 Variance
Volume
 Variance
UAN$53,358 $(6,044)
Ammonia13,908 (353)

The $265 and $165 per ton increases in ammonia and UAN sales pricing, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020, were primarily attributable to continued improvement in market conditions as supplies of nitrogen fertilizer remained tight following the production outages related to
September 30, 2021 | 26

Table of Contents
Winter Storm Uri, heightened turnaround activity during the summer, and further production outages following Hurricane Ida. The decrease in UAN sales volumes for the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to lower production at both facilities caused by the Messer Outages and the Power Outages.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, net sales increased by $84.0 million to $343.7 million compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020. This increase was primarily due to favorable sales pricing contributing $99.3 million in higher revenue, partially offset by decreased sales volumes which contributed $24.4 million in lower revenues, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

The following table demonstrates the impact of changes in sales volumes and pricing for the primary components of net sales, excluding urea products, freight, and other revenue, for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
(in thousands)Price
 Variance
Volume
 Variance
UAN$79,174 $(8,521)
Ammonia20,166 (15,892)

The $123 and $84 per ton increases in ammonia and UAN sales pricing, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020 were primarily attributable to improved market conditions due to continued strong demand for crop inputs as a result of higher crop prices and tight fertilizer inventories driven by nitrogen fertilizer production outages during Winter Storm Uri and Hurricane Ida and heightened turnaround activity during the summer. The decrease in ammonia and UAN sales volumes for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to lower production due to the Messer Outages and production and shipping impacts from Winter Storm Uri.
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g16.jpghttps://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g17.jpg
(1)Exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense.

Cost of Materials and Other - For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, cost of materials and other was $26.1 million and $70.0 million, respectively, as compared to $21.7 million and $67.7 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, increased costs were primarily due to increased feedstock costs for coke, natural gas, and hydrogen of $6.8 million and $11.2 million, respectively, offset by lower distribution costs of $2.2 million and $5.4 million, respectively. Further, during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, there were lower purchases of third-party ammonia of $3.3 million as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020 which offset the increased feedstock costs.


September 30, 2021 | 27

Table of Contents
Direct Operating Expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) - Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 were $48.3 million and $138.6 million, respectively, as compared to $38.6 million and $113.7 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the increases were primarily due to higher personnel costs for labor of $1.2 million and $4.2 million, respectively; higher stock-based compensation expense of $3.9 million and $11.1 million, respectively, as a result of higher market prices for CVR Partners’ units; higher utilities costs and electrical provider pricing and usage of $3.7 million and $11.5 million, respectively; and higher natural gas prices of $3.5 million and $6.1 million, respectively. These increases were partially offset by lower chemicals, catalysts, and other operating costs of $3.3 million and $7.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively.
https://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g18.jpghttps://cdn.kscope.io/aec1aacedf0859d8c192684a4f1a4abb-cvi-20210930_g19.jpg
Depreciation and Amortization Expense - Depreciation and amortization expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 were $17.4 million and $52.6 million, respectively, compared to $18.0 million and $57.0 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. The decreases were primarily the result of inventory changes and certain assets being fully depreciated or retired during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021.

Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses, and Other - Selling, general and administrative expenses and other for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 were $6.6 million and $19.8 million, respectively, compared to $4.3 million and $14.2 million, respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. The increases were primarily related to higher personnel costs in 2021 due to an increase in stock-based compensation expense resulting from market increases in CVR Partners’ unit price.

Other Income, Net - Other income, net for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 was nominal and $4.6 million, respectively, compared to approximately $0.1 million for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. The increase for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was due to sales of natural gas volumes at the East Dubuque Facility in February 2021.

Non-GAAP Measures

Our management uses certain non-GAAP performance measures, and reconciliations to those measures, to evaluate current and past performance and prospects for the future to supplement our financial information presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures are important factors in assessing our operating results and profitability and include the performance and liquidity measures defined below.

Beginning with the second quarter of 2021, management began reporting Adjusted EBITDA, as defined below. We believe the presentation of this non-GAAP measure is meaningful to compare our operating results between periods and peer companies. All prior periods presented have been conformed to the definition below. The following are non-GAAP measures we present for the period ended September 30, 2021:

EBITDA - Net income (loss) before (i) interest expense, net, (ii) income tax expense (benefit) and (iii) depreciation and amortization expense.
September 30, 2021 | 28

Table of Contents

Adjusted EBITDA - EBITDA adjusted for certain significant non-cash items and items that management believes are not attributable to or indicative of our on-going operations or that may obscure our underlying results and trends.

Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided By Operating Activities to EBITDA - Net cash provided by operating activities reduced by (i) interest expense, net, (ii) income tax expense (benefit), (iii) change in working capital, and (iv) other non-cash adjustments.

Available Cash for Distribution - EBITDA for the quarter excluding non-cash income or expense items (if any), for which adjustment is deemed necessary or appropriate by the board of directors of our general partner (the “Board”) in its sole discretion, less (i) reserves for maintenance capital expenditures, debt service and other contractual obligations, and (ii) reserves for future operating or capital needs (if any), in each case, that the Board deems necessary or appropriate in its sole discretion. Available cash for distribution may be increased by the release of previously established cash reserves, if any, and other excess cash, at the discretion of the Board.

We present these measures because we believe they may help investors, analysts, lenders, and ratings agencies analyze our results of operations and liquidity in conjunction with our U.S. GAAP results, including, but not limited to, our operating performance as compared to other publicly traded companies in the fertilizer industry, without regard to historical cost basis or financing methods, and our ability to incur and service debt and fund capital expenditures. Non-GAAP measures have important limitations as analytical tools because they exclude some, but not all, items that affect net earnings and operating income. These measures should not be considered substitutes for their most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures. Refer to the “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” included herein for reconciliation of these amounts. Due to rounding, numbers presented within this section may not add or equal to numbers or totals presented elsewhere within this document.

Factors Affecting Comparability of Our Financial Results

Our historical results of operations for the periods presented may not be comparable with prior periods or to our results of operations in the future for the reasons discussed below.

Coffeyville Facility - The next planned turnaround at the Coffeyville Facility is expected to commence in the fall of 2022. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, we incurred turnaround expense of $0.3 million and $0.4 million, respectively, related to planning for the Coffeyville Facility’s expected turnaround in the fall of 2022. Additionally, the Coffeyville Facility has planned downtime which is expected to commence in the fourth quarter of 2021.

East Dubuque Facility - The next planned turnaround at the East Dubuque Facility is expected to occur in the summer of 2022. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, we incurred turnaround expense of $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively, related to planning for the East Dubuque Facility’s expected turnaround in the summer of 2022.

Goodwill Impairment

As a result of lower expectations for market conditions in the fertilizer industry during 2020, the market performance of the Partnership’s common units, a qualitative analysis, and additional risks associated with the business, the Partnership performed an interim quantitative impairment assessment of goodwill for the Coffeyville Facility reporting unit as of June 30, 2020. The results of the impairment test indicated the carrying amount of this reporting unit exceeded the estimated fair value, and a full, non-cash impairment charge of $41.0 million was required. Refer to Part II, Item 8 of our 2020 Form 10-K for further discussion.

September 30, 2021 | 29

Table of Contents



Non-GAAP Reconciliations

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)2021202020212020
Net income (loss)$35,029 $(18,952)$16,665 $(81,299)
Interest expense, net11,313 15,877 50,564 47,550 
Income tax expense 23 19 40 
Depreciation and amortization17,406 18,029 52,648 56,997 
EBITDA 63,748 14,977 119,896 23,288 
Adjustments:
Goodwill impairment —  40,969 
Adjusted EBITDA$63,748 $14,977 $119,896 $64,257 

Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided By Operating Activities to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)2021202020212020
Net cash provided by operating activities$97,289 $22,439 $120,268 $29,217 
Non-cash items:
Loss on extinguishment of debt(536)— (8,299)— 
Goodwill impairment —  (40,969)
Other(5,822)(1,757)(18,601)(3,968)
Adjustments:
Interest expense, net11,313 15,877 50,564 47,550 
Income tax expense 23 19 40 
Change in assets and liabilities(38,496)(21,605)(24,055)(8,582)
EBITDA63,748 14,977 119,896 23,288 
Goodwill impairment —  40,969 
Adjusted EBITDA$63,748 $14,977 $